Haramain train or The Haramain High-Speed Rail Project includes a 450km rail interface between Makkah (Mecca) and Madinah. It will likewise go through Jeddah and Rabigh in Saudi Arabia. Different parts of the venture incorporate high-velocity trains fitted with the most recent gear and five super present-day traveler stations – one in Mecca, two in Jeddah, one at King Abdul Aziz International Airport, and one in Madinah. The task is supposed to be finished by the finish of 2012.
The rail track aims to chop down how much time takes to go between Mecca and Madinah to two hours. It will likewise abbreviate the movement time between Jeddah and Mecca to thirty minutes. When finished, the task will furnish travelers with a perspective on the amazing design of Mecca and Madinah as they traverse the urban communities.
Haramain train stages
The rail undertaking will be executed in two stages; Phase I began in 2009. The $1.8bn contracts for Phase I was granted in March 2009 to the Al Rajhi Alliance. The Alliance is a consortium of Chinese and Saudi organizations China Railway Engineering and Alstom Transport.
In April 2009, $38m worth of configuration contracts for four of the five train stations were granted to a joint endeavor between Foster and Partners and Buro Happold. The JV will fabricate the train stations in Mecca, Madinah, Jeddah, and King Abdul Aziz International Airport.
In February 2010, a $96m agreement to administer the undertaking was granted to Dar Al-Handasa specialists and a $24m agreement to deal with the framework was endorsed by Scott Wilson.
Scott Wilson will offer authoritative consultative types of assistance to help the Saudi Railway Organization in fostering the tenders and assessing the monetary and specialized offers.
“The Haramain project was designed to meet the transportation demands of an increasing number of visitors to Makkah, Umrah performers, and city residents.”
Mecca-Madinah rapid rail interface
The city of Mecca is the origination of Prophet Muhammad and is viewed as the holiest spot in Islam. With a populace of 1.7 million, every year the city draws in around 2.5 million Hajj (Hajj is a journey to Makkah) explorers and multiple million Umrah (playing out the little Hajj) entertainers during the period of Ramadan and occasional occasions.
Moreover, there is weighty traveler development on Fridays alongside the customary business traffic.
The city doesn’t offer numerous public vehicle choices to residents, as well as explorers. The main choices accessible are private vehicles or private taxicabs. During the Hajj time frame, pioneers are moved by an enormous armada of transports. The Haramain project was imagined to address the transportation needs of the developing number of explorers visiting Mecca, Umrah entertainers, and individuals of the city.
As indicated by a concentrate by the Ministry of Hajj, in the following 25 years the quantity of explorers is supposed to increment to multiple million and the quantity of Umrah entertainers to more than 11 million. The yearly increment is supposed to be 1.4% for explorers and 3.14% for Umrah entertainers.
A train administration was picked as the most ideal choice to give protected and agreeable travel to the explorers and to alleviate the strain on the streets interfacing Mecca and Madinah. The task is supposed to connect various focuses, supporting nearby organizations and the travel industry.
The plan and development of the task will permit it to endure extreme climatic and weighty traffic conditions. Since temperatures in the locale range from 0-50°C, the track will be intended to deal with the temperature changes.
Stage I of the task comprises two bundles, bundle 1 and bundle 2, and is supposed to require as long as three years for fulfillment. Bundle 1 incorporates common works like the development of extensions, viaducts, holding dividers, trams, shafts, passages, and banks. Around 500 properties arranged on the rail route track will be confiscated for the task.
“Cultivate and Partners have used a modular approach to station layout with a high degree of construction.”
Bundle 2 incorporates the development of the five traveler stations – Mecca Central in Mecca; Jeddah Central and Jeddah Airport in Jeddah; King Abdullah Economic City in Rabig; and Knowledge Economic City in Madinah.
Stage II of the undertaking includes a plan, development, activity, and support of the track, the establishment of flagging and telecom frameworks, and arrangement of moving stock, power supply, and catenaries.
Because of the most optimized plan of attack development timetable of the undertaking, architects Foster and Partners have embraced a modularised approach for planning the stations with a serious level of construction.
All stations will have a typical arranging system yet will have an individual unmistakable plan and building envelope to address the particular urban areas they serve. The stations will give an expansive scope of offices and a predominant traveler experience. They will have different appearance and flight zones and more than adequate course space. The public region of the stations, alongside the stages, will be earth controlled to furnish solace and will be enlightened with separated normal light.
Renfe was granted the Phase II agreement and will give 35 of the Talgo 350 fast trains, fit for running at over 360km/hr. Before it’s true to send off in 2012, pilot tasks will be completed on the track for a length of a half year.