The body needs vitamins and minerals, which are micronutrients, to perform a number of regular processes. These micronutrients must, however, be obtained from the food we eat because they are not generated by our bodies.
Organic compounds known as vitamins are often categorized as either fat-soluble or water-soluble. Vitamins that dissolve in fat, such as vitamin A, vitamin D, vitamin E, and vitamin K, have a tendency to build up in the body. Vitamin C and the B-complex vitamins, including vitamin B6, vitamin B12, and folate, are examples of water-soluble vitamins that must dissolve in water in order to be absorbed by the body and cannot be stored. Any water-soluble vitamins that the body does not consume are mostly excreted in the urine.
Minerals are inorganic substances that are found in soil and water and are ingested by both plants and animals. While calcium, sodium, and potassium are probably recognizable to you, there are a variety of additional minerals, including trace minerals (such copper, iodine, and zinc), which are required in very tiny amounts.
Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs) for vitamins and minerals are developed in the US by the National Academy of Medicine (formerly the Institute of Medicine). These serve as both an excellent nutrition guide and a scientific foundation for the creation of dietary standards in both the United States and Canada. The DRIs include more than 40 nutritional components and are tailored to age, gender, and life phases. The recommendations are based on reports of nutritional toxicity and inadequacy that are currently accessible.
What about vitamin supplements?
The majority of the elements required for optimum health should be included in a diet that contains lots of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean protein sources, and healthy fats. But not everyone can continue eating a healthy diet. When dietary intake is insufficient to meet a person’s nutritional needs, multivitamins can be quite helpful.