Women in Iran have been tormented for years by the morality police. They, who?

Women in Iran | The renowned morality police of Iran recently arrested a young woman and sent her to a “re-education facility” where she received modesty training. She passed away three days later.

Mahsa Amini, 22, was killed; the government has categorically denied any involvement; yet, the story has inspired millions of Iranian women who have for years personally experienced the fury of the Islamic Republic’s morality police.

Amini’s tale has brought Iran’s disciplinary system back to public attention, emphasising the issue of accountability and the impunity enjoyed by the nation’s religious leadership.

The ordinary Iranian woman or family is likely to have experienced some sort of engagement with [the morality police and re-education institutions], according to Tara Sepehri Far, a senior researcher in Human Rights Watch’s Middle East and North Africa division. They are that present, I suppose.

According to her, the morality police are a legal entity with access to resources like detention facilities, weapons, and authority. Additionally, they are in charge of the recently established “re-education centres.”

Women in Iran The centres function as detention facilities where women, and occasionally males, are arrested for disobeying the modesty laws of the state. Detainees are taught about Islam and the significance of the hijab (or headscarf) within the facilities, and before being allowed to leave, they are made to sign a statement promising to follow the state’s dress code.

Hadi Ghaemi, executive director of the New York-based Center for Human Rights in Iran, stated that the first of these facilities opened in 2019. He continued, “Since their creation, which has no basis in any law, agents of these centres have arbitrarily detained countless women under the pretext of not complying with the state’s forced hijab.”

The women are then handled like criminals, jailed for their transgression, photographed, and made to attend a class on Islamic morals and how to wear a decent hijab, the author said. Before the present Islamic Republic was established, Iran had already been prescribing to women what they should wear.

In an effort to modernise the nation, pro-Western monarch Reza Shah outlawed the wearing of allveils and headscarves in 1936. Many females refused. The hjiab was then declared mandatory by the Islamic government that defeated the Pahlavi dynasty of the Shah in 1979, although the requirement wasn’t codified into law until 1983.

Women in Iran The morality police, a task force with all the authority of a law enforcement organisation, are in charge of ensuring that the regulations are observed. Every few years, there are a number of anti-hijab movements in Iran, which frequently result in large-scale persecution.

These include the 2017 “Girls of Revolution Street” rallies as well as the 2018 National Hijab and Chastity Day social media protests, which were held on July 12 to support wearing veils. But there are differences of opinion about the requirement for the hijab among the populace and the government.

The number of individuals who think the government should impose the headscarf has decreased, according to a 2018 study by a research group affiliated with the parliament. And according to a 2014 research by the Iranian Students’ News Agency, the number of people who think the headscarf should not be required has increased by 15%.

Women in Iran According to scholar Sepehri Far, there has also been a change in discourse among the nation’s leaders, who now advocate “education” and “correction” rather than enforcing Islamic ideals.

Some believe that Iran is slowly approaching a breaking point as the regime deals with growing unrest over the country’s damaged economy and rapidly rising inflation brought on by US sanctions.
According to Sepehri Far, the murder of Amini appears to be bringing together Iranians of all ideologies. She also notes that those who support the regime as well as those close to it are criticising the occurrence.

Women in Iran According to witnesses and videos posted on social media, thousands of people came to the streets on Tuesday night around Iran.

In Kerman Province in southeast Iran, while the mob chanted “death to the dictator,” a woman was seen in social media videos protesting by cutting her hair. Demonstrators screamed “death to Khamenei” and “We are the children of war, come on and fight, we’ll fight back” in various areas of the nation.

This time, demonstrators are not merely want Mahsa Amini’s justice, according to Ghaemi. Additionally, they are advocating for women’s rights, their civic and human rights, and a world free from religious tyranny.

Some people wonder if the present movement will grow or merely shrink in the face of a governmental crackdown, despite the fact that there is a sense that the regime may feel vulnerable.

Women in Iran Tara Kangarlou, author of “The Heartbeat of Iran,” who grew up under the scrutiny of the morality police, remarked that in addition to the fact that these rallies are ruthlessly suppressed and confined each time, “there is no leadership.”

Women in Iran When we were teenagers, we made care to steer clear of neighbourhoods where we knew morality police vehicles would be parked on weekends, according to Kangarlou.

She claims that in order to live their life, young Iranians have adjusted to the “oppressive system,” but the “ordinary Iranian is fed up.”

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